The Spectator


Miss Joyce Vetter gave a piano recital in the Baptist Church last Sunday. She played the Grave Allegro Molto e con Brio and Adagio Canta-bile movements from the Pathetique Sonata by Beethoven: the D major Prelude and Fugue by Bach: a group of three Chopin numbers, the A flat major Walts, Prelude F sharp major, Waltz G flat major: a modern group which consisted of the Polonaise Americanna by Carpenter. The Girl with the Flaxen Hair by Debussy, and Bolero de Concert by Mana Zucca, and the Presto and Allegro Vivace movements of Mendelssohn's G minor Concerta. Miss Vetter played the entire program in a very finished manner which showed marked talent.

Miss Flora Mae Traver contributed two solos to the program. She was accompanied by Miss Hazel Crawford. The McPherson College Orchestra, under the direction of Miss Lois Wilcox, played the orchestral accompaniment for the Concerto.


Seniors to be Guests of Underclassmen at Social Event Friday

Invitations were sent out this week for the annual Junior-senior banquet which is being held at the College Church on Friday evening at 7 p. m. Music is the theme chosen to ho carried out this year in both the program and the decorations. The theme wus particularly well worked out in the invitations which consisted of miniature musical scores carrying the requests for attendance, Since it is believed by those in charge of arrangements that a long program detracts from the effectiveness of an occasion of this kind, the after-dinner program has been reduced to a minimum. Thirty minutes will probably cover the time necessary for the toasts and musical numbers. Two outstanding numbers of the evening will be a musical reading by Miss Lehman and vocal selections by Professor Voran. Miss Lehman and Mr. Voran are sponsors of the junior and senior classes respectively. Arrangements are also being made for music to be furnished during the dinner hour.

Students who have had charge of planning the banquet include: Ralph Sherfy: head of the general arrangements committee: Dorothy Matson, decorations committee: Lillian Peterson. announcement committee; and Modena Kauffman, program committee. The women of the Church of the Brethren cook and serve the


Three McPherson College students have recently been accepted for teaching next year. Neva Root will teach three classes of English, and a dramatics class in the Chase high school. Arlene Wampler will teach at Groveland Center, a rural elemen-

tary school. Lillian Paus will teach at the Lake Valley rural school. Miss Pauls and Miss Wampler are fortu-nate, in that their schools are within a few miles of their respective homes, and they will stay at home.


Miss McGaffey gave a talk in chapel Monday on the “Difficulties in Speech." Home of the common words which she had heard mispronounced around the campus were; get, spirit, window, roof, creek, and been. She also listed another group of words often mispronounced. Among them were: sacrilegious, implacable, zoology, experiment, library, pianist and oleomargarine.


Mildred Gordon ........ May    3

Annabel McGaffey ......... May    3

Millicent Nordling .....May    3

Margaret Poister ........May    7

McPherson college, mcpherson, Kansas.




Tennis Tournament and Music Contest Interest Seniors On Saturday


Entertaining Program from Fine Arts Department Presented;

Mohler Gives Address

Seniors from many of the sur-rounding high schools were present at the Senior Festival held at Mc-Pherson College last Saturday, al-though a great many were unable to attend because of conflicting events at other schools. The great-est attendance was at the banquet in the evening. Other events were the tennis tournament and the music contest.

Dr. J. D. Bright acted as toast-, master at the banquet. Professor A. C. Voran favored the group with two, vocal solos. Miss Lois Wilcox won great applause from her violin solo. Glen Turner presented a very enter-taining musical reading. Dr. Bright then introduced Dean R. E. Mohler, who, in turn, spoke briefly on the advantages of getting a higher edu-cation.

The banquet was prepared by the home economics department and served by waitresses from the student group of McPherson College.

In the tennis tournament, which was in progress most of the day, the championship in the doubles went to Hillsboro high school. McKee and Nickel of that school defeated Prather and Mignot of Gypsum 6-3, 6-4. in the final match.

The singles championship went to A. Showalter of Castleton, who de-, feated Milton Bair of Hillsboro in the final tilt. Medals were given to winners and runner-tips in both the singles and doubles tournament.

Coach M. J. Binford directed the tennis tournament.

A large number of students took part in the music contest, which was held in connection with the festival. Scholarship awards were given to winners in the juvenile and adult divisions. For the first place in the juvenile group an $18 scholarship was given. For second place, a $9 scholarship was awarded. In the adult di-visions, scholarships of $25 and $12.-50 were given to winners of first and second place respectively.

Following is a list of the winners:

Juvenile group:    Piano:    First,

Floyd Krehbiel, Moundridge, and Irene Rishel, Galva. tied:    second.

Ruth Irene Smith, McPherson.

Adult group: Violin: First, Jac-quet to Gillum, Gypsum.

Piano: First, Dorothy Dell, Beatrice, Neb.; second. Maxine Schmidt. Lorraine.

Girls voice: First: Marjorie Booz, McPherson, and Wanda Janssen. Lorraine, tied; second, Kathryn Ebien, Inman.

Boys voice: First, Raymond Gray, McPherson; second, Robert Wiegand, Inman.

The music contest was under the direction of Miss Jessie Brown.


The World Service Group met Tuesday evening to continue its series of studies on Japan.

Theresa Strom led the devotional service. Glen Austin gave the history and modern problems of Christianity in Japan today. Attention was called to the “Kingdom of God" movement which has revived the Christian forces and enabled them to combat heathen foes.

Floyd Harris played a cornet solo. He was accompanied by Lucille Ul-lery.

Donald Brumbaugh closed the evening’s program with a talk on Japanese contemporary problems. Special attention was given to the relationship between the United States and Japan.

Next Tuesday evening the group will have a weiner roast. A short meeting of devotional nature will be held at this time.


Thursday, May 2—Chem. Club meeting, 4:30 p. m.

Friday, May 3—Junior-senior Ban-quet.

Sunday, May 5—Piano recital, Mary Fanning, Baptist Church.

—C. E. Meeting. College Church.

Tuesday. May 7--Regular Y. M.-Y. W. meetings, 10 a. m.

—-World Service Group Meeting. 5:30 p. m.


Dr. Bright Accompanies Group of Twenty-one Members to Twin Mounds

In spite of the dust and wind of last Friday evening, twenty-one "Y" cabinet members left McPherson for Twin Mounds where an all-night Joint retreat was held.

With the exception of one carload, the "retreaters" reached their destination a few minutes after seven o'clock. It so happened that the delayed car was to bring the sponsor. Dr. Bright, and the official cooks. Since fortunately the food had been brought in one of the other cars, Harry Frantz volunteered to act as chef.

So after a brisk hike up to the top of the mound and down, the hungry campers enjoyed hamburger sandwiches which Harry prepared for them. There was some question as to whether the bananas in the box were meant for supper or for breakfast, but since the committee had not yet arrived, the group decided to have the fruit for supper regardless of Modena's and Wanda's Ians.

The last car arrived at 8:30, and supper over, the group gathered around a campfire where they sang and talked together. Galen Ogden led in the singing of varied types of songs. Then Willard Pluming and Leta Wine gave short inspirational talks concerning the Christian life. More group singing followed with the songs ranging from hymns to pep songs and popular numbers.

Some members of the party took their blankets and retired as early as 11:30. Others did not "call it a day" until 2 o'clock after a session of horn honking and water throwing in which several of the sleeping "re-treaters" were awakened.

At 4:20 the campers began to stir. Leta and Bill chopped wood for their early morning exercise. Five o’clock found the group at the top of the mound, awaiting the sunrise. As the sun arose Galen Ogden led in devotional hymns and Wanda Hoover read inspirational poetry. Dr. Bright read Bruce Gurry's chapter on "What Religion Means to Me."

The sunrise proved to he must beautiful and the cabinet members left the heights inspired by what they had seen and heard.

Break fast was next in order. Bacon and eggs scrambled and served in buns with coffee satisfied the many appetites, and attention was turned toward a game of baseball. Dr. Bright, as a vocal commentator upon the girls' art of batting, and Paul Miller, as gymnastic pitcher, afforded supplementary attractions.

several of the students left before the game in order to reach McPherson in time for work. The rest of the group lingered at Twin Mounds, playing games until 9:30 when they broke camp and started back to M.C.


1. The verb "scan" means to look over carefully, not hastily.

2. The noun detail" should have the accent on the second syllable.

3.    "Different than" is not in best use. "Different from" is preferable. Correct: "His course is different from mine.”

4.    "Anyplace" is a confusion of idiom. Correct: "Anywhere” or "in any place.”


Margaret Oliver, popular McPherson College co-ed, was elected as the McPherson Relay's Queen in a contest which closed Thursday evening at 6 o'clock. Miss Oliver held a substantial lead over the other two

Two weeks ago fourteen names of the most outstanding college co-eds were submitted to the student body in a primary election. Three of these girls, Margaret Oliver, Maxine Ring and Agnes Bean, were elected to run in the final election. The election was held in form of a contest. Tags were sold which served as admission tickets to the relays. Five votes for each cent expended for a tag were given to the purchaser.

The Queen's task was to serve as master of ceremonies at the relays. Just before the first relay the queen look her place and was presented with a silver loving cup and flowers. Her attendants, Miss Bean and Miss Ring, were also presented with flowers. The Queen presented the trophies and medals to the winners of the various events.


Renowned Leaders Are Secured for Ten-Day “Y” Conference

Four hundred students from Kan-sas, Nebraska, and Colorado campuses are expected to attend the annual 10-day conference at Estes Park,

Colorado, which begins June 7. "Modern Roads to Freedom" is the theme of the conference which is sponsored by the Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A.

Dr. Henry Nelson Wieman of the Chicago University Divinity School is scheduled as a major conference leader. He is author of "Issues of Life," "Methods of Private Religious Living," and other books. Mrs. Wienian will conduct a group on personality problems of college students.

Kirby Page of New York City, eminent author, lecturer and journalist, will attend the conference. Mr. Page is familiar to student groups in the middle west.

Miss Helen Topping. English secretary to Toyohik Kagawa, noted Japanese religious leader, will talk on cooperatives and give an intimate picture of the famed Christian's life and work.



Agnes Bean Is Chosen President of Governing Body in Close Race


Clark, Michael Chosen Editors; Van Nortwick, Zuck, Rock, Financial Managers

Interest and enthusiasm were rife at the polls Thursday morning when the McPherson College student body elected its officers for the ensuing year. The students for the positions of president of the Student Council, treasurer of the Student Council, editor of the Spectator, business manager of the Spectator, editor of the Quadrangle, business manager of the Quadrangle, and the ladies' and men's cheer leaders were voted

The primary election was held Thursday, April 18. Since the preliminaries, much electioneering and campaigning have taken place.

The race between Agpes Bean and Donald Evans for president of the Student Council was a close one. It resulted in Miss Bean's eking out her male opponent by a small margin. For treasurer of the Student Council. Clayton Rock and Clarence Sink were the candidates, with Rock emerging victorious over his adver-

Vernon Michael defeated Kenneth Weaver in the final race for the position of the editor of the Spectator. The financial details of this college publication will be cared for by Joe Zuck, who won over Franklin Hiebert.

The editorship of the college an-nual. The Quadrangle, was being disputed by Otho Clark and Betty Lou Cameron. Clark registered a victory. Archie Van Nortwick and Ernest Sweetland were seeking election to the position of business manager of the annual. Van Nortwick was selected by the student voters.

Other leaders include Dr. Ben M. Cherrington, in charge of international relations at the University of Denver. Dr. Harold Case, progressive young minister of Topeka, Kan-sas will conduct a group on the function of organized religion in the modern world. He and Mrs. Case will supervise creative leisure at the conference.

Additional leaders are Miss Helen Moeton, New York City, music director: James Chubb, pastor of First Methodist Church, Baldwin. Kansas, student life; Ervine Inglis. Congregational Church, Greeley. Colorado, worship; Dr. M. G. Miller, College of Emporia. Emporia, Kansas, pioneer in cooperatives; Miss Elizabeth Fackt, University of Denver, world affairs: George L,. Collins of the Baptist Church. Madison. Wisconsin, current political thought.

The cost of attending the conference is between $15.00 and $18.00 plus transportation.



President Schwalm told about his trip to Europe in 1930 in Chapel Friday morning. He went in a party of about sixty-five of which Dr. Sher-wood Eddy was the leader. Home of the interesting incidents which he told about were the talk given the party by Jennie Lee: the reception given for them by Lady Astor; and their meeting with Mussolini. Some other prominent ment in the party were Charles Curtis Taft, Senator Wheeler, and Senator Barkley.

Jessie Miller and Homer Kimmel were chosen as cheer leaders for next year. They defeated Twyla Rood and Lamar Bollinger, respectively.

Preceding the final election, a fiery ballyhoo assembly was hold. Those expounding the merits of his candidate were Maxine Ring, Elmer Staats, Ernest Sweetland, Paul Heckman, Merle Messamer, Gladys Riddell, Sam Stoner, Virginia Quiring, Neva Root, Willard Flaming, Paul Miller, and John Kauffman.

Upon the elected officers rests a great deal of responsibility for the success of the 1936-’36 school year. Records of previous years show that each student is capable and qualified to care for the duties of his office for next year.


The pledge of the Y. M. C. A. was the center of discussion at the regular Y. M. meeting last Tuesday.

Galen Ogden discussed the first part of the pledge. He stated that the Christian Y. M. should strengthen one's faith in God. He continued by saying that Jesus was the most represented figure of God that we know and probably will over know, He concluded his discussion by saying that church membership might be a barrier to realizing God in his fullness, because many people think that membership alone will make them a Christian.

The last part of the pledge was discussed by John Kauffman. Ho pointed out that a Christian would treat all people as his equal. Racial prejudice does not exist in the mind of a true Christian. He continued by saying that this problem would come, to light on our campus next year because it is planned to have a foreign student in school then. He pointed out that there are several ways to overcome this evil. By means of international good will, better understanding, and love can we overcome this predicament.

The Spectator

Official Student Publication of McPherson College, McPherson, Kansas. Published every Thursday by the Student Council *



Entered as second class matter November 20, 1917, at the postoffice at McPherson, Kansas, under the act of March 3, 1897.

You Will Want a Quadrangle

Great as is the realization of the value of the Quadrangle to the student after he has been out of school for several years, it cannot be fully realized until you have had to undergo that period. Observe some alumni of the college, talk with him and he will tell you of its true value.

No doubt every student will want a Quadrangle when it is delivered in the near future. It will be your opportunity to live over again in a few years what your memory cannot possibly retain with the pictorial representation.

The Reward of Cheating

At Emporia Teachers College last week, 'two students were flunked in a course because they handed in identical papers to two different instructors. Upon questioning the students, one of them confessed that he had copied from the other.

Many people would argue that the punishment was too severe. After all the students are paying for their education. They are old enough to know the difference in right and wrong. No one loses but the student himself upon copying. Another phase to the argument is the fact, that it was definitely known who the cheater was. Why punish the innocent

A discourse of the above type is most likely among student not used to widespread practices of cribbing and other practices of cheating. In many cases the problem is so severe that the above solution alone can hope to solve the problem.

Then too at the end of the students education he will ask the college tor credentials for a job that will be highly competed for. A rec-

King Dandelion

"Shall we or shall we not allow the yellow dandelion to reign over our campus?" is the question. It is true that the dandelion has the upper hand at the present time. Are we going to sit around and let him take charge of our campus like Huey Long running things down south? It is agreed that the dandelion is unsightly and undesirable on the College grounds, but who has done anything to throw him out? He can be thrown out but WILL HE?

There are some ways of driving him out. Wholesale action by students and faculty some afternoon would put a wet blanket over his head. Another more effective way would be to plow up the whole campus and start over again. This would not only squelch the dandelion but would be a wonderful improvement to our campus if we could have good grass all over it. Therefore the only thing that can be said is "We must banish the dandelion."

Where is my wandering girl tonight? Where, oh. where is she?


A petition is being circulated on the McPherson College campus for a program of individual study courses to be introduced into the curriculum. Following is the request in full:

WHEREAS, the individual study plan has successfully been tried in numerous colleges and universities, such as Buffalo University, Olivette College, University of Chicago, et. al.;

WHEREAS, the individual study system is of proved merit in that it takes into consideration individual differences, capabilities, and aptitudes of students, which differences are notably broad:

WHEREAS, the individual study plan is a definite time saver for students;

WHEREAS, the individual study plan makes for greater initiative, increased interest, and more thorough study and preparation;

And finally, WHEREAS, all loyal McPherson supporters desire to see our beloved Alma Mater be modern and progressive in all lines;

Therefore, we, the undersigned, do hereby respectfully petition the faculty of McPherson College that there be offered to the students of McPherson College a curriculum embodying a number of individual study courses (for upper classmen).

The Industrial Arts Department will have an exhibit downtown on All School’s Day at the B. K. store.

Character Is the sum of the affections.

Smiles and tears speak all languages.

Subscription Rates For One School Year


Editor-in-Chief..... Margaret    Oliver

Assistant Editor........Elmer Staats

News Editor---- Vernon D. Michael

Sports Editor.....................Orval Eddy

Society Editor.................. Velma Watkins.


Business Manager------------- Robert Booz

Assistant Bus. Mgr. ........ Franklin Hiebert

Circulation Manager . David Metzger

Assistant Cir. Mgr............ Ronald     Flory

Collections Manager ............ Eldred Mathes

A Verdict on the College Radical

The picture of the American college student in his amusing, almost pathetic setting, was recently set forth by two professors of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The findings which these two investigators among the college agitators of today was recently included in a report in the Technology Review.

One great truth was rediscovered in the survey. That is that the modern college student is not a hypocrite. The professors, however, conclude that the undergraduate agitators are headed in the wrong direction and are placing the wrong values on many things. If these students would spend more time preparing to be able citizens they would be more competent to support any social order they might choose, the educators believe.

"It should be clear to even the feeblest intelligence that all is not well with our economic system, and we shall doubtless witness experiment after experiment. No opposition party, however small the minority it may represent, can afford to ignore the possibility that you may be called at a moment’s notice to form a government.

"If this happens to our Communist friends, their agitators will at once have to seek now jobs. The complex economic life of our country must go on, and there will be a call for technicians, engineers and those versed in the internal economy of our different industries."

A report of this type should be taken by the student not to discourage any radical thought or opinion. It should however be an indication that radicalism for the sake of radicalism is not a substitute for liberal reform.

Address All Correspondence to THE SPECTATOR McPherson, Kansas


Paul Booz    Paul Miller

Robert Booz    Muriel Manning

Either Bowers    Dorothy Matson

Donald Evans    Harol Reneicker

Ruth Hawbaker    Neva Root

Richard Hendren    Edna Reiste

Phyllis McKinnie    Kenneth Weaver ord falselv attained upon which the student receives a recommendation has a damaging influence upon the ability of the college to place the students in the future.

At the same time one is not willing to admit that the action taken by the faculty of the state college is the final one in regulating the problem of cheating.

The McPherson Relays

Last weekend sports enthusiasts were given a chance to witness a new adventure in the realm of sports on the college campus in the relay events, interest was high both among the students as well as among the downtown fans.

The event is more significant than it might seem from a casual glance. The success of the event is an indication of the appreciation of the local enthusiasts for a new type of major sport. More than this the continued use of the event will draw to McPherson many new athletes who have succeeded well in high school. They will do this because they will feel that a rightful emphasis is being placed upon track as a sport.

Credit for this move goes to Coach Melvin Binford who has worked for several weeks to inaugurate the relays as a part of the sports program of the College.

“New Roads to Freedom”

"Are you going to Estes this year?", "When is the Estes Conference this year?" These and many other questions are being asked on the campus. Such questions clearly indicate the new interest which has been generated for the annual conference held at Estes Park. Colorado.

The greatest favor that you can do for a student is to persuade him to spend the thirty dollars for this purpose, say those who have been there. He will never forget or regret it. In a week filled with rich contacts, wholesome lectures, inspiring atmosphere, and creative living the Student Christian Movement has been especially effective in this project.

For those who contemplate the vacation one point should be stressed —the greatest benefit will be obtained from going during your undergraduate days. Then the leadership acquired there will be especially helpful in the Y organization during the following year.


F. A. Demmin was on the campus yesterday on business for the Quadrangle. He is with the Mid-Continent Engraving Company of Wichita.

Neva Root, Merle Messamer, Faithe Ketterman, and Donald Evans enjoyed a picnic at Coronado Heights Saturday evening.

Wheeler Kurtz, '34, and his brother, Robert, came Saturday for a week’s visit with friends here. Their home is in Chicago.

Faye Sandy and Florence DeConr-sey visited relatives in Nickerson Sunday.

Gail Patterson of Lyons was a guest on the campus last weekend.

Miss Della Lehman spent Saturday In Wichita.

Maudena Sondergard spent last weekend at her home in Ramona.

Robert Stratmann visited at his home in Geneseo last Sunday.

Bernice Fowler of Worthington, Minn., is visiting college friends here this week. She is a graduate with the class of 1933.

Dean F. A. Replogle and the male octette visited the Canton high school last Friday to interest students in attending McPherson College.

Dean F. A. Replogle will be visiting the high schools at Lorraine, Hollyrood, Bushton, Claflin, Sylvia, Stafford, St. John, and Macksville today and Friday interesting students to attend College here next

Ralph Johnston, Principal of Courtland school, was on the campus, Saturday.

Most of the students have probably noticed the concrete seat placed under the tall pine tree by the library. The General Shop class in Industrial Arts Department is making these as one of the units and there will probably be several more.

Senior Personalities

You will remember Arthur DeVor as the Einstein of the senior stunt. He has also helped with many of the chemistry demonstrations which have been given. He is majoring in chemistry and has been a member of the Chemistry Club for two years. He took his first two years of college work at Central College, McPherson.

One always expects the unexpected from Glen Austin, and one is never disappointed. He goes about with a humorously innocent air which conceals a great deal of serious thought. He has taken his freshman and senior work at McPherson College, and spent the interim at Grand Junction Junior College, Grand Junction, Colorado. He was a member of the orchestra in his freshman year, on the Spectator staff this year, and a member of the World Service Group both years. His major interest is education and phychology.

Velma Keller has served capably this year as president of the Y. W. C. A. Her other interests include dramatics, in which she participated in her sophomore and junior years, and W. A. A., to which she has be longed four years. She has chosen education and psychology as her major. Velma has aided with the welfare work of the Red Cross during the past year and plans to continue in this service after graduation.

Orval Eddy is the fellow with the deep bass boise. It is even reported that his announcements at the Relays Friday could be heard from the College Chapel. Eddy has been on the football team three years, went out tor track in his sophomore and junior years, and has been a member of the “M" club three years. He has been intramural athletic director this year. In addition to his athletic interests he has been a member of the Thespian club for two years, and on the Quadrangle and Spectator staffs this year. He spent his freshman year at Mount Morris College. His major field is commerce.


Ralph Thompson Writes of Fascist Trends

of Disturbing Types in Northern Europe

Recent issues of this column would seem to indicate that there never is any scandal on the campus, which, of course, is a false conclusion. The scarcity perhaps is due to lack of perception, or perhaps more aptly it is due to laziness. Be that as it may, here are a few choice bits of dolt picked up in the last few days.

There's no gem of original thought on the campus like the ones Lackie springs every now and then. Take for example his prize plan for the remedying of the industrial situation. When that topic was up for discussion in economics last week, he pipes up with the thought that the best solution, for the industrial problem would be birth control. Hmmm—it’s a good thing that Lackie isn’t under the thumb of Hitler or Mussolini.

A couple years or so ago there used to be held contests to discover the best definition of a kibitzer. The best definition we have found yet is the person who monopolized a public telephone for a half hour when other people desire to use it.

All indications point to the fact that a certain female on our campus is extremely two-faced. However, this conclusion places us in a dilem-ma, for if she were two-faced she'd surely use the other face. You probably know the dame without our mentioning her name.

"The seniors are sneaking tonite!” Yeh, that's all right if you be sure to say it on the right night. Some well-meaning, but gullible under classmen kinda got hoaxed Monday nite when a false rumor of a prospected sneak got abroad.

Miss Abeldt, '31, of Hope visited Mildred Pray Sunday and Monday.

had only brought it over for her to see, and that he was going to give it to some one else later.

There are always plenty of foolish questions asked about injuries and accidents. There had been a rather serious automobile accident and a witness was relating the incident. After giving an account of how badly the car was smashed, and telling of the blood which was very much in evidence around the wreckage, one of the listeners asked in an anxious tone, "Was anyone hurt?

Foolish questions are much in evidence around the college campus. A student may be in his room, very comfortably seated in a chair, reading. Another student walks into the room and nine chances out of ten the first question is. "What are you doing?” or he may be struggling with in very difficult problem in mathematics and after watching him for a few minutes, the visitor will ask. "Are you working math?" It all depends upon the nature of the student as to the reply given. It may be in the form of a book or other handy object thrown at the visitor.

Since weddings always come in for their share in any joke, consider the case of a young lady who, while at home from college during Easter vacation, attended her cousin's wedding. A few days later she told a friend that she had been to a wedding. The friend promptly asked, "Did someone get married?”

Although Fascist doctrines have as yet made no notable success in Scandinavian or Baltic states, they continue to be a problem to the governments of these countries, and periodically cause considerable excitement and even disturbance. In Estonia. for example, marital law was declared on March 12 because of the threatening activity of parties with Fascist or Nazi tendencies. Political meetings were forbidden, over 4 00 members of the so-called Liberator group were arreseted, and their newspapers were banned. Shootings and casualties were reported as the government searched homes and offices for ringleaders, and when order was restored a few days later, Gen-eral Larka, liberator candidate in the forthcoming presidential elections, was apparently the only leader, of the faction at liberty.

The difficulty in Estonia was directly connected with the presidential campaign, and seems to have been the result of an unsuccessful attempt by the Liberators to frighten the voters into supporting General Larka rather than one of the other candidates. General Laidoner and Acting President Paets. The government's explanation for its drastic action was that the Liberators were being financed from abroad (which is to say from Germany) and were planning to seize power by force.

At about the same time that Estonia was experiencing this civil commotion, her neighbor, Latvia, experienced a change in government which is not without a Fascist aspect. On March 2. the cabinet of Adolph Blodmieks, which had been reconstructed about a year ago, reresigned on a vote of no-confidence by the Latvian Chamber, and within two weeks a new government was formed by K. Ulmais. The change marks a swing from the Left to the Right, for Blodmieks represented the New Farmers party and the interests of those who were provided with land under the agrarian reform of 1920, while Ulmanis is a leader of the Conservative Farmers Union and an advocate of constitutional reforms which will transfer power from parliament to the president. But the Latvian parliament is still an active force, and during the last week of March the Chamber voted that the Ulmanis government discharge all state employes who belong to Fascist organizations or other Right groups hostile to the existing regime.

Lithuania's struggle with Fascism is perhaps more real than those of her Baltic neighbors because it is complicated by the nationalistic ideas which have long influenced the German and Lithuanian residents of the Memel territory. Nearly every move which the Lithuanian government declares necessary to the law and order of Memel is the subject of protest by Germany as an infringement upon the autonomy of the territory and the rights of the Germans living there: contrariwise, every sign of Nazi activity in the region is declared by Lithuania to be further evidence of a plot against the integrity of the Lithuania state. Numerous notes have been exchanged by the foreign


offices of Kaunas and Berlin, but they do not seem to settle matters, and apparently irreconcilable forces continue to oppose one another as they have for years. During March there were numerous counter-moves by the Germans and arrests of Nazi "agitators.” On February 23, before the latest steps were taken, the Berlin Ministry of Foreign Affairs informed Lithuania that her actions were likely to have serious effects upon the future relations of the two

In Finland and Scandinavia the friction between Fascist groups and their more democratic rivals is less tense. On March 13, however, the Finnish Diet adopted a law forbidding the wearing of any kind of political uniform or emblem in public—a move which accords with Denmark's action of several months ago, and with Sweden's of last July. It was reported from Stockholm on March 21, moreover, that the Swedish government would probably ban all armed character and make membership in such bodies illegal. Norway, on, the other hand, seems to have found drastic measures of this sort unnecessary thus far, although in the near future she may have to cope with the growing strength of the National Union, a Fascist party headed by Major V. A. L. Quisling, former minister of defense.

Library Notes

The book, "The Forgotten Man and Other Essays" is the only book to be added to the collection this week.

A useful pamphlet, "Available Magazines in McPherson College Library Indexed in Renders’ Guide," has been prepared and placed on the table with the Readers' Guide.

The family of the late S. N. Doin-ard, of Minnesota, sent to the lib-rary a set of Descriptive Charts of Ancient Monuments which remained among his papers. These are very much appreciated and can be used in several places.


My Lady Spring is here again!

I heard the herald birds proclaim. The oaks flung out their earliest leaves,

And all the tall elms did the same. With emerald fire and cups of gold. The meadow is a glorious thing. And we forget the earth is old. When first the darling feet of Spring Come dancing over the glad hills With snowdrops and with daffodils: With buds and blossoms in her

My Lady Spring is here again!

The sweetest time of all the year! April shower and April sun.

Oh, the fragrance of orchard ways When the white buds open, one by

Winter Is over. Winter Is past.

And all the snow to be seen is now The white foam flecking the ragged thorn—

The clustered bloom on the orchard bough!

By Edith D. Osborne

Foolish Questions

It seems to be the accepted thing to start a conversation by asking questions. This may be all very well if there is anything to ask questions about, but as for the asking of ques-tions merely for the sake of asking them —well, there should be a law against it. Questioning, in its proper place, is a very good thing. In fact

questions, but why, oh why, should one ask questions about things that are perfectly obvious? Certainly it is not because one seeks information, for the use of one's eyes or a little common sense would answer the question before it is asked. But rea-

just certain people, but people in general.

For instance, Mary meets a friend

she is going replies that she is on her way to Aunt So and So's funeral. The friend at once exclaims. "Is she dead?" Mary thinks nothing of the question and answers. “Yes,” when the more logical answer would seem to be, "No, but she wanted to he different and decided to have her funeral ahead of time, so she could enjoy it more.” Foolish of course, but no more foolish than the ques-

And then when you have been vig-

intervals during the last hour or so, and someone finally asks, "Have you a cold?", don't you almost feel tempted to answer, "No, I've just been

or some other equally absurd thing?

While still on the subject of "cold," we are reminded of the person who, seeing you shivering and hugging the radiator, wants to know if you are cold. You could answer that you are so warm you are trying to shake off some of the excess heat to warm up the radiator, but of course you wouldn't.

Or suppose you have sung in a

a friend he very kindly asks, "Oh! do you sing?” This may or may not be such a foolish question after all, but nevertheless one doesn't like to be reminded of the fact.

How do you suppose the young man felt when he had taken his best girl a lovely box of candy, and when he presented it, she asked sweetly. "Is this for me?” He probably hastened to assure her that it was, but he should have told her no. that he

And so it goes. People ask foolish questions and never know it: those of whom the questions are asked seldom notice it. But since it is being done by the best of people, in the best of well-regulated families, the most foolish question we could ask is, "What are you going to do about it?”

The Spectator



LOCALS CAPTURE FIRST in McPherson relays

Bulldogs, Obtaining Honors in

Six out of Thirteen Events, Win Meet—Four School Records Shattered.

Great interest was shown by the people of McPherson when they attended the McPherson Relays, although the day was a disagreeable

McPherson College outpointed Friends University to win the McPherson Relays. McPherson had 55 1/2 points to 42 1/2 for Friends. Bethel College finished third with 26 1/2 points. Bethany was fourth with 10 points and Sterling fifth with 7 1/2 points.

The Bulldogs took six firsts out of thirteen events. Friends accounted for three firsts while Bethel had a similar number.

Several school records were broken by McPherson entries. Anton Meyer threw the discus 139 feet 11 inches for a new record. The pole vault mark fell with Lee Haun clearing the

bar at 12 feet. McPherson lowered the 880 yard relay record to 1:36 and the 440 yard relay to 46:2.

Bethel took first in the special medley relay with a time of 7:03 and also won the two mile relay in 8:42.4.


120 yard high hurdles—Won by Voth, Bethel; second: Gates, Friends: third, Haun. McPherson: time, 16 7-10.

100 yard dash—Won by Morton. Friends: second, Miles, McPherson: third, Coleman, Friends: fourth, To-land, McPherson; time 10 1-10.

Two mile relay—Won by Bethel; second, McPherson: third, Friends: time 8:42 4-0.

4 40 yard relay—Won by Bethany; second, McPherson: third, Bethel fourth, Friends: time 46 2-l0.

880 yard relay—Won by McPherson; second. Bethel: third, Friends; fourth, Bethany: time 1:36.

Medley relay—Won by Bethel: second, Friends; third. McPherson; time 7:03.

Shot put — Won by Coleman, Friends: second, Meyer, McPherson: third, Grentz, McPherson:    fourth,

Overman, Friends:    distance 41'

1 1/4".


The McPherson track team is to be congratulated upon its fine showing in the McPherson Relays. The boys were keyed up for the occasion, and it seemed to be McPherson’s day to win. Four school records were broken in the events of the day.

"Tony" Meyer was the first man to shatter a school record when he bettered his own discus mark of 133’ 10" to 139' 11". The record in that event was 126' 8" until this year when "Tony" bettered this mark in a dual meet with Bethel.

Lee Haun set a new school record in the pole vault. He cleared the bar at 12'. He tied the old school record of 11' 9” last year.

New records were made in the 4 40 and the 880 yard relays. The new time on the 4 40 was 46:2 and the 880 was 1:36.

The McPherson mile relay team upset the dope and won over the fast Friends University team. Paul Heckman, who run third for McPherson, was largely responsible for the McPherson victory, giving his anchor man about a 30 yard yead.

The two cups that were won by the winning relay teams will have the names of the persons on the team engraved on them. The large meet trophy will have the words, "Won by McPherson College" engraved upon its plaque.

Hansen. C. of E. tennis flash, won the singles tournament. He won over Binford in the final match. The score was 6-0, 6-3. This is the third time that these two men have met, and Hansen has been, the winner each time.

This picture of the McPherson College campus wline Hall, administration building, women's dormitory, as taken from the Brethren Church. All of the buildings men's dormitory, and library can be seen in the photo on the campus including the gymnasium, science hall, K graph.

Discus—Won by Meyer, McPherson; second, McAdams. Friends; third, Coleman, Friends:    fourth.

Classen, Bethel: distance 139' 11".

Pole vault—Won by Haun, McPherson: second, Dicker, Bethany: third, Curry, Sterling: fourth. Wilson, Friends, and Wiggins, McPherson tied: height 12'.

High jump- Won by Wiggins, McPherson: second, Wilson, Friends: third, Drury, Sterling: fourth, Berg, Bethel and Wilke, Sterling, tied; height 5' 8 3/4".

Broad Jump—Won by Morton, Friends: second, Curry, Sterling; third, Haun, McPherson: fourth, Carpenter, McPherson; distance 22' 5 7/8".

Javelin—Won by Hendren, McPherson: second, Monroe, Bethel; third, Wiggins, McPherson: fourth, Goodyear, Friends: distance 156' 4”.

Mile relay—Won by McPherson: second, Friends; third, Bethel, fourth, Bethany; time 3:36 9-10.

Morton of Friends seemed to be the iron man of the relays. He won the 100 yard dash and the broad jump besides placing in several other events and running in nearly all of the relays.


The story of the making of synthetic diamonds will be told by Dr. J. W. Hershey and his assistants in Chemistry club this afternoon at 4:30. The explanation of the process will be made more vivid through the aid of slides and motion pictures, and an actual demonstration of the electric furnace used in diamond making. These diamonds are the same in appearance, and the same chemically as natural diamonds. However, as yet the laboratory method has not yielded diamonds of commercial size. The world's largest synthetic diamond, made by Dr. Hershey, will be on display under the microscope. This diamond has been shown in Washington. D. C. at the Kansas State Fair in Hutchinson, and many other places.

All persons interested in knowing about how diamonds can be made are invited to attend this meeting.


Over 200 invitations were sent out for the Baker University relays held on April 27. Only high schools and junior colleges who participated in past Baker Relays and those who requested entry blanks were invited. —The Baker Orange.

Over thirty candidates have answered Couch Liston's first call for spring football practice. Of these, eight are lettermen, and about 12 have squad experience. Many veter-ans are practicing for track and therefore cannot be out.—The Baker Orange.

A special souvenir edition of the Cactus consisting of sixteen or more pages of pictures and write-ups, reviewing the entire year at Central College, is being prepared for the next edition and will be ready about commencement time.—The Cactus.

The Bethany Glee club presented a half-hour concert over Station KDKA, Pittsburgh, April 17. Previous to the broadcast they gave a short musical program in Carrick high    school.—-Bethany Collegian.

Bethany College, Bethany. W. Va.

With more than 3200 participants expected here during the three-day

meet which began last Wednesday, the annual Interstate high school music contest was rapidly nearing a climax today, April 26.—The Colle-gio, Pittsburg Teachers.

The Sweetest Words:

"I love you”

“Enclosed find check"

"Let me help"

"Dinner is ready"

"Vacation with pay"

"Keep the change" "Fair and warmer"

"All is forgotten"

"Going home"

And then there was the absent-minded professor who met his son down town and said, "Hello, John, how’s your father?”


Miss Joyce Vetter received the rating of superior in piano in the state contest held at Emporia last week. Clayton Krehbiel received the rating of excellent in piano in the Little Arkansas Valley League contest held at Burrton last Friday. These students are both from Mound-ridge and are enrolled with Miss Brown.

The term, alma, mater is an old Latin word. It means foster mother, and was a title given to several goddesses and translated in England to universities and schools.—The Bulletin. K. S. T. C., Emporia.

A University of Kentucky student (Lexington) attended a class in German two weeks before he discovered he was in the wrong place. He thought it was a class in geology.